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Lean Business Analysis for Agile Teams

To stay competitive in today’s globalized economy, you need to bring products to market sooner and with fewer resources. The widespread adoption of Agile software development has enabled organizations to react to change must faster.

Agile teams now build robust products incrementally and iteratively, requiring fast feedback from the business community to define ongoing work.

For Product Owners, Agile Team members, Subject Matter Experts,
and anyone wearing the Business Analysis hat

Your Requirements Discovery Process Needs to Keep Pace

As a result, the process of defining IT requirements is evolving rapidly. Backlogs replace requirements definition documents. User Stories, Epics and Features replace requirement statements. Scenarios and Examples replace test cases. The timing of business analysis activities is shifting like sand.

Defining all requirements upfront, working in silos, and checking quality at the end no longer works. The bureaucracy that went with traditional Business Analysis is a death trap for any Agile initiative.

We no longer have business as usual,
so why would we do Business Analysis as usual?

Agile has revolutionized software development. That’s great for those delivering the apps, but what about those responsible for determining the business needs?

Adapt LEAN Principles to the Business Analysis Process

It’s time for the practices of requirements elicitation, capture, clarification, and validation to catch up. Applying Lean principles dramatically improved manufacturing and other business processes.  Lean thinking can make just as drastic of a change if we adapt it to the business analysis process.

Lean Business Analysis Cuts Waste at Every Level

It provides:

  • a flexible response to change
  • a value increase using fewer resources
  • waste reduction during requirements discovery

Learn how Lean principles applied to your Business Analysis process can help you. Check out our newest book “Lean Business Analysis for Agile Teams”, for sale now on Amazon.

Get Your Copy

Learn how to reduce waste in your Business Analysis practices to optimally support the new Lean and Agile software development world

Table of Contents

From the Author


How Do Lean Principles Affect the Business Analysis Process?

Business Needs Discovery and Analysis in Agile Software Development

Applying Lean Thinking to Business Analysis

A Bird’s Eye View of Four LEAN Software Development Philosophies

Lean and Kanban

Agile and Scrum

Continuous Delivery and DevOps

Continuous Integration and ATDD/BDD

Potential Wastes in Business Analysis and Requirements Discovery

6 Lean Principles to Combat Waste in Business Analysis

Lean Principles Applied to Business Analysis

How Lean Principles Cut Down on Wasteful Business Analysis Work

The Shift of Focus from Project to Product Thinking

Project vs. Product Thinking

Adopting a Product Mindset

Lean Requirements Are the Ultimate Goal of Lean Business Analysis

The Need for LEAN Requirements

Conventional Requirements Levels

Requirements Constructs in an Agile/Lean Environment

Features, Epics, and User Stories

Lean Business Use Cases

Business Rules


Scenarios and Scenario Outlines

Outcomes of Conventional vs. LEAN Business Analysis

Product Backlogs, Kanban Boards, and Other Requirements Repositories

Product Requirements Documents (PRD)

Using Backlogs as Requirements Repository

Kanban Boards

Knowing When to Do What in a Lean and Agile World

Strategic, Tactical, and Operational Business Analysis

Timing of Analysis in a Lean and Agile World

Seeding, Managing/Grooming the Product Backlog

Elaborate (Prepare) User Stories for the Next Iteration

Lean and Agile Business Analysis Techniques

The Product Vision Statement (a.k.a. Next Big Thing)

The Product Roadmap

The Minimum Viable Product (MVP)

What is a Minimum Viable Product?

How Do You Define an MVP?

Lean Requirements Communication Techniques

Preparing to be a Lean BA

Picking the Right Mode of Communication

Managing Risk Alleviates Uncertainty

The Cynefin Framework

The Stacey Matrix

Pain-Point Analysis Reveals Your MVP, Potential Features, and User Stories

Pain-Point Analysis for Business Needs Elicitation

Agile and Lean Pain-Point Analysis Techniques

Problem/Symptom Reduction (PSR)

Ambiguity in Features and User Stories

The Need for a Mutual Understanding

What Exactly Is Ambiguity and Subjectivity?

Removing Ambiguity and Subjectivity with INVEST

Drilling Down on Epics, Features, User Stories, and Requirements

User Story Splitting

Functional Feature Drill-down and Story Decomp

Decision Tables

Lean Use Cases

Developing, Presenting, and Analyzing Visual Models

Acceptance or Business-Facing Testing


Acceptance Criteria and Scenarios

Test Data Engineering

Growing a LEAN Business Analysis Process

What You Will Learn:

This book offers a brief overview of how you can reduce waste in Business Analysis practices to optimally support the new lean and agile software development world. Learn how lean principles:


  • Gain business agility by shifting from Project to Product Thinking
  • Accelerate time-to-market with a Minimum Viable Product (MVP)
  • Combat waste in your Business Analysis Life Cycle
  • Optimize software development with effective Product Backlogs
  • Improve the outcome of your Business Analysis techniques
  • Express business needs in Features, User Stories, and Scenarios
  • Deliver product quality with Acceptance (Business-Facing) Testing

Get it Now!

Learn how to reduce waste in your Business Analysis practices to optimally support the new Lean and Agile software development world

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